Tips on how to design wet area countertops

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Tips on how to design wet area countertops

Although not considered long-stay spaces in a home, kitchens and bathrooms are spaces where functionality is essential for the daily lives of residents and visitors. Of all the elements of wetlands, the ones that require special attention are countertops. In this text we will indicate some tips for designing worktops for wet areas that are functional, easy to maintain and suitable for their uses.

The workbench in wetlands is where people lean to carry out their activities. In general, worktops are composed of a horizontal surface, which can be divided between dry worktops and wet worktops, as in a kitchen, or simply wet, as in a bathroom; the bowl, the faucet and the mixer set, the furniture and the objects on the counter.

Estúdio Lapinha / plano book. Image © Henrique Queiroga

O material eo tamanho da bancada dependem de qual a escolha de acabamentos do projeto e tambem de qual o espaço disponível para esse elemento. Em geral há uma padronização do mercado em suas dimensions, tanto para as bancadas quanto para as cubas e gabinetes, que respondem à padronização das plantas do mercado imobiliário. Há tambem a possibilidade de adequar o tamanho desses elements de acordo com o projeto, fazendo cubas, gabinetes e bancadas sob medida. Em geral, é vantajoso seguir os tamanhos de mercado pois isso amplia as possibilidades de encontrar elements pre fabricados, e também possibilita a economia de recursos e facilita a mão de obra.

Anexo Casa Brunswick Bush Shack / Architect Sarah Kahn.  Image © Tatjana Plitt
Anexo Casa Brunswick Bush Shack / Architect Sarah Kahn. Image © Tatjana Plitt

Both for the options available on the market and for custom-made projects, some conventions are important to consider with regard to ergonomics, that is, the most comfortable and functional way to use these counters:

In the case of bathrooms, the average length of the worktop varies from 55 centimeters to 1.20 m and its depth can vary from 40 to 60 centimeters, on average. Ideally, the counter should be installed about 90 centimeters from the floor, considering built-in or plug-in sinks. For support tubs, the 90 centimeters are measured from the top of the rim of the tub. The faucet, which can be wall-mounted or countertop, must have a distance of nearly 15 centimeters from the edge of the bowl or the counter, depending on the type of bowl used, in order to ensure sufficient space for hand washing. If it is a support basin, the countertop tap must have a long neck to guarantee these 15 centimeters, or you can opt for a wall-mounted tap. In addition, the water jet must be aligned with the drain, or up to 4 centimeters away.

Medidas padrão de bancadas de banheiro.  Image © Daniel Winnik
Medidas padrão de bancadas de banheiro. Image © Daniel Winnik

If you choose to install a cabinet under the counter, it is important to consider the space of the drain outlet trap. The cabinets have more varied dimensions, however they vary between 50 and 60 centimeters in general. Most are installed hanging from the wall, leaving the floor free, facilitating cleaning and making use more comfortable thanks to the placement of the feet under the furniture when using the worktop. On the worktop, you can choose to install a cabinet with an integrated mirror, or just a mirror, with directed lighting. The mirror must be installed taking into account the users, but on average the height of the eyes must be 1.50m from the ground. It is common to have focal lighting, which can come from the sides or the top, depending on the project.

Apartamento Rosa / CoDA arquitetos.  Image © Julia Totoli
Apartamento Rosa / CoDA arquitetos. Image © Julia Totoli

In the case of kitchens, the worktops are larger and generally have several uses, sometimes simultaneously: cutting, peeling and preparing food, supporting hot pans and roasting pans, using a specific device, washing and disinfecting equipment and food. , sorting waste, storing food, and many more. Kitchen counters are therefore more spacious than bathroom counters. The most common is to start with 1.20 m in length, to reach up to 1.80 m, or even more, depending on the space available. Its most common depth varies between 50 centimeters and 70 centimeters. Its use is divided between the wet zone and the dry zone. The wet zone is the area next to the tub where dishes and food dry, the dry zone is where other work takes place and is usually larger than the wet zone. They can have the same material or different materials, depending on the project finishes and can even be physically separate or integrated.

Medidas padrão de bancadas de cozinha.  Image © Daniel Winnik
Medidas padrão de bancadas de cozinha. Image © Daniel Winnik

When integrated, the wet bench should be 1 to 2 centimeters lower than the dry bench, considering that the ideal height is 90 centimeters. The faucet can be benchtop or wall-mounted and should have 30 centimeters between the faucet spout and the sink drain, to ensure the handling of large objects such as pots and pans and the water jet, as well as in the bathroom, must be directly above the drain, or offset by a maximum of 4 centimeters. Regarding kitchen cabinets, due to their size, it is common to find a set of modular cabinets on the market. Nevertheless, it is important to provide the siphon in the cabinets directly under the wet area, and to consider that they are suspended or that their support is moved about 15 to 20 centimeters to adapt to the feet under the cabinet when of its use. On the kitchen bench, it is possible to foresee the use of hanging cabinets, where it is possible to install directed lighting, or even shelves and utility bars to store objects and groceries.

Apartment Simão Álvares / Vão.  Image © Federico Cairoli
Apartment Simão Álvares / Vão. Image © Federico Cairoli

Despite this general information, the design of kitchens and bathrooms varies according to the use and daily life of each family, with the architecture and the space available for these elements, with the budget and the materials available in each place. , among others, it is therefore important to examine each case to ensure that the specific needs are met as well as the more general functional requirements, and for this the careful work of the architect on the project is important.

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